Your liver is the largest organ inside your body, it is located in the right upper area of your abdomen. It performs many critical functions that affect metabolism throughout your body, including bile production, which is essential to digestion, filtering of toxins from your body, excretion of bilirubin (a product of broken-down red blood cells), cholesterol, hormones, and drugs
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver. It’s commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis.
Viral infections of the liver that are classified as hepatitis include hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. A different virus is responsible for each type of virally transmitted hepatitis.
Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with infectious body fluids, such as blood, vaginal secretions, or semen, containing the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Injection drug use, having sex with an infected partner, or sharing razors with an infected person increase your risk of getting hepatitis B.. Nigeria is an area of high endemicity for HBV with over 70 per cent of the population showing evidence of past infection of the virus while average of 13.7 per cent still have evidence of current infection. Since the current population of Nigeria is over 180 million according to the national census, the level of current infection is estimated to be 23 million in Nigeria according to current Nigerian treatment guidelines. The ratio of HBV infection in Nigeria is estimated at one in every eight persons. The prevalence of the disease is estimated at three times more than HIV/AIDS according to specialists.
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